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Trichoderma

Pers. 1794 What is Trichoderma? The genus Trichoderma is comprised of filamentous, predominantly soil fungi, which are commonly associated with plants. Trichoderma spp. are rhizocompetent species, meaning they readily colonize the rhizosphere (the soil zone surrounding the plant roots) and rhizoplane (the external surface of roots). They are commonly found mostly in forest and agriculture …

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Torula

Pers. 1795 What is Torula? Torula is the fungal genus that belongs to the family Torulacae, order Pleosporales [1]. Currently, the family Torulaceae consists of four genera: Torula, Dendryphion, Neotorula, Rosticonidium, and Sporidesmioides [1,2,3]. Torula spp. are saprobes, asexual fungi [1], commonly found in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats, in temperate to tropical regions [3]. …

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Stemphylium

Blackhead molds, also known as sooty molds, are caused by saprophytic fungal species that invade dead or dying plant tissue. The most common such species are from the genus Alternaria, Cladosporium, Stemphylium, and Epicoccum. [3] Among them, the genus Stemphylium comprises both saprophytic and plant pathogenic species, which are distributed all over the world. What …

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Stachybotrys

Corda 1837 What is Stachybotrys mold? Stachybotrys, one of the most common and recognizable types of mold found in indoor environments, is a greenish-black mold that is often referred to as “black mold” or “toxic mold” due to its appearance and ability to cause severe illness in people who come into contact with it (Fig. …

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Sporothrix schenckii

Hektoen & C.F. Perkins, 1900 What is Sporothrix schenckii? Sporothrix schenckii complex is a dimorphic fungus from the phylum Ascomycota, well-known for causing the disease sporotrichosis that infects humans and animals [1, 2]. It is named after Benjamin Schenk, a medical student who first isolated it from a patient [1, 3]. The species-complex S. schenckii …

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Sporothrix

Hektoen & C.F. Perkins 1901 What is Sporotrix? The genus Sporothrix belongs to the order Ophiostomatales, phylum Ascomycota, and includes thermo-dimorphic fungi known to change morphological form under temperature shifts, enabling them to switch from saprophytic to pathogenic form easily. This adaptation helped them spread in various habitats worldwide: soil, organic matter, like hay, crop …

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Smuts

Smuts is a plant-pathogenic group of fungi with significant economic importance. These fungi are characterized by the production of masses of dark, sooty spores called teliospores. The powdery masses of spores give the appearance of dirt or ash, hence the name smuts. They are best known for being pathogens of economically significant crops, such as …

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Serpula lacrymans

(Wulfen) P.Karst. (1884) Molds can affect humankind in many ways. Some of the most common mold related issues that everyone knows about are related to food spoilage or unsightly mold growths developing in our bathrooms or kitchens. Most species of mold live far away from the presence of humans and are not known to have …

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Scopulariopsis brevicaulis

Bainier (syn. Microascus brevicaulis S.P. Abbott) What is Scopulariopsis brevicaulis? Scopulariopsis brevicaulis is type species of the saprophytic genus Scopulariopsis, which belongs to the family Microascaceae. It was firstly described in 1882 as Penicillium brevicaule by Saccardo and renamed Scopulariopsis brevicaulis by Bainier in 1907 [1]. It is a widespread fungus, mostly known as soil …

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Scopulariopsis

We are exposed to mold every day. A mold-free environment is almost impossible to achieve even on that shiny metal surface in your kitchen. These tiny organisms are simply always present in our lives. Molds expand by spreading hyphae that look like tiny hairs. [1] They reproduce via spores that are similar to ultra-small seeds. …

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